Wikipedia Estland

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Wikipedia Estland

Estland gehört zu den drei baltischen Staaten. [drawnwords.coms Transaviabaltika) mit kleinen Propellermaschinen vom Typ [drawnwords.comdia.​org/wiki/. Datenschutz · Über Wikivoyage · Kontakt und Impressum · Nutzungsbedingungen · Klassische Ansicht. Offizielle Informationen über Tourismus in Estland und wichtige Fakten zu Kultur, Wetter, Tourismus, Einkaufen, Stadtplänen, Sehenswürdigkeiten und vielem.

Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen Amts

Von nicht notwendigen, touristischen Reisen in die übrigen Regionen Estlands wird vor dem Hintergrund geltender Quarantäneregelungen abgeraten. Der Artikel wird gebraucht, wenn „Estland“ in einer bestimmten Qualität, zu einem [1] Wikipedia-Artikel „Estland“: [1] Goethe-Wörterbuch „Estland“: [1] Uni. Estland gehört zu den drei baltischen Staaten. [drawnwords.coms Transaviabaltika) mit kleinen Propellermaschinen vom Typ [drawnwords.comdia.​org/wiki/.

Wikipedia Estland Navigeringsmeny Video

VILJANDI - Real Estonia - Typical Town in Southern Estonia

Portal : Estland. Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi. Den norske helsingforskomite. The New York Times engelsk. Oslo: Det Beste.

Better or worse? Oslo: Fafo. Foreign Policy engelsk. Oslo: Institutt for forsvarsstudier. Den europeiske unions medlemsstater. Island Liechtenstein Norge.

Kursiv indikerer at landet ikke er med i EU. Medlemmer av Verdens handelsorganisasjon WTO. Tsjekkoslovakia — Navnerom Artikkel Diskusjon.

The planned wartime size of the Defence Forces is 60, personnel, including 21, personnel in high readiness reserve. The Estonian Defence League is a voluntary national defence organisation under management of Ministry of Defence.

It is organized based on military principles, has its own military equipment, and provides various different military training for its members, including in guerilla tactics.

The Defence League has 16, members, with additional 10, volunteers in its affiliated organisations. Estonia co-operates with Latvia and Lithuania in several trilateral Baltic defence co-operation initiatives.

Estonia joined NATO in Since Estonia has participated in numerous international security and peacekeeping missions, including: Afghanistan , Iraq , Lebanon , Kosovo , and Mali.

Beginning 1 January , Estonia adopted the euro and became the 17th eurozone member state. Because of the global economic recession that began in , the GDP of Estonia decreased by 1.

The Estonian government made a supplementary negative budget, which was passed by Riigikogu. The revenue of the budget was decreased for by EEK 6.

The country has been experiencing economic growth ever since. The unemployment rate in March was 6. Estonia's economy continues to benefit from a transparent government and policies that sustain a high level of economic freedom , ranking 6th globally and 2nd in Europe.

A simplified tax system with flat rates and low indirect taxation, openness to foreign investment, and a liberal trade regime have supported the resilient and well-functioning economy.

In , a stable currency, the kroon , was established. It is issued by the Bank of Estonia , the country's central bank. The kroon succeeded the mark in and was used until After Estonia regained its independence, the kroon was reintroduced in Since re-establishing independence , Estonia has styled itself as the gateway between East and West and aggressively pursued economic reform and integration with the West.

The rate is set by the Local Council within the limits of 0. It is one of the most important sources of funding for municipalities.

Very few exemptions are considered on the land value tax and even public institutions are subject to the tax. In , Estonia experienced its worst year economically since it regained independence in , largely because of the impact of the Russian financial crisis.

With assistance from the European Union, the World Bank and the Nordic Investment Bank , Estonia completed most of its preparations for European Union membership by the end of and now has one of the strongest economies of the new member states of the European Union.

Although Estonia is in general resource-poor, the land still offers a large variety of smaller resources. Significant quantities of rare-earth oxides are found in tailings accumulated from 50 years of uranium ore , shale and loparite mining at Sillamäe.

Since , public debate has discussed whether Estonia should build a nuclear power plant to secure energy production after closure of old units in the Narva Power Plants , if they are not reconstructed by the year Food, construction, and electronic industries are currently among the most important branches of Estonia's industry.

In some areas the coastal seawater is polluted, mainly around the Sillamäe industrial complex. Estonia is a dependent country in the terms of energy and energy production.

In recent years many local and foreign companies have been investing in renewable energy sources.

Currently [ when? The electricity market as whole will be liberalised by Together with Lithuania, Poland, and Latvia, the country considered participating in constructing the Visaginas nuclear power plant in Lithuania to replace the Ignalina.

Estonia has a strong information technology sector , partly owing to the Tiigrihüpe project undertaken in the mids, and has been mentioned as the most "wired" and advanced country in Europe in the terms of e-Government of Estonia.

It is even claimed that Estonia has the most startups per person in the world. The Estonian electricity network forms a part of the Nord Pool Spot network.

Estonia has had a market economy since the end of the s and one of the highest per capita income levels in Eastern Europe.

Several cryptocurrency trading platforms are officially recognised by the government, such as CoinMetro. In , however, a large current account deficit and rising inflation put pressure on Estonia's currency , which was pegged to the Euro, highlighting the need for growth in export-generating industries.

Estonia exports mainly machinery and equipment, wood and paper, textiles, food products, furniture, and metals and chemical products. Between and , Estonia received The share of Baltic Germans in Estonia had fallen from 5.

At the end of the s, Estonians [ who? Modern Estonia is a fairly ethnically heterogeneous country, but this heterogeneity is not a feature of much of the country as the non-Estonian population is concentrated in two of Estonia's counties.

Russians make up The Estonian Cultural Autonomy law that was passed in was unique in Europe at that time.

Before the Soviet occupation , the Germans and Jewish minorities managed to elect a cultural council. Historically, large parts of Estonia's northwestern coast and islands have been populated by indigenous ethnically Rannarootslased Coastal Swedes.

In recent years the numbers of Coastal Swedes has risen again, numbering in almost people, owing to the property reforms in the beginning of the s.

In , the Ingrian Finnish minority in Estonia elected a cultural council and was granted cultural autonomy. The Estonian Swedish minority similarly received cultural autonomy in Estonian society has undergone considerable changes over the last twenty years, one of the most notable being the increasing level of stratification, and the distribution of family income.

The Gini coefficient has been steadily higher than the European Union average 31 in , [] although it has clearly dropped. The registered unemployment rate in January was 7.

Modern Estonia is a multinational country in which languages are spoken, according to a census. The United Nations Human Rights Council report called "extremely credible" the description of the citizenship policy of Estonia as "discriminatory".

Estonian Russians have developed their own identity — more than half of the respondents recognised that Estonian Russians differ noticeably from the Russians in Russia.

When comparing the result with a survey from , then Russians' attitude toward the future is much more positive. Estonia has been the first post-Soviet republic that has legalised civil unions of same-sex couples.

The law was approved in October and came into effect 1 January The image that Estonian youths have of their identity is rather similar to that of the Finns as far as the identities of being a citizen of one's own country, a Fenno-Ugric person, or a Nordic person are concerned, while our identity as a citizen of Europe is common ground between us and Latvians — being stronger here than it is among the young people of Finland and Sweden.

Tallinn is the capital and the largest city of Estonia, and lies on the northern coast of Estonia, along the Gulf of Finland.

There are 33 cities and several town-parish towns in the country. In total, there are 47 linn a, with "linn" in English meaning both "cities" and "towns".

Estonia has a rich and diverse religious history, but in recent years it has become increasingly secular, with either a plurality or a majority of the population declaring themselves nonreligious in recent censuses, followed by those who identify as religiously "undeclared".

The largest minority groups are the various Christian denominations , principally Lutheran and Orthodox Christians, with very small numbers of adherents in non-Christian faiths, namely Judaism , Islam and Buddhism.

In ancient Estonia, prior to Christianization and according to Livonian Chronicle of Henry , Tharapita was the predominant deity for the Oeselians.

Estonia was Christianised by the Catholic Teutonic Knights in the 13th century. The Protestant Reformation led to the establishment of the Lutheran church in Many Estonians profess not to be particularly religious, because religion through the 19th century was associated with German feudal rule.

Today, Estonia's constitution guarantees freedom of religion, separation of church and state, and individual rights to privacy of belief and religion.

Other organisations, such as the World Council of Churches, report that there are as many as , Estonian Lutherans.

However, the census indicated that Eastern Orthodoxy had surpassed Lutheranism, accounting for Eastern Orthodoxy is practised chiefly by the Russian minority.

Roman Catholics are a small minority in Estonia. They are organised under the Latin Apostolic Administration of Estonia. According to the census of data in table to the right , there were about 1, adherents of the Taara faith [] [] [] or Maausk in Estonia see Maavalla Koda.

The Jewish community has an estimated population of about 1, see History of the Jews in Estonia , and the Muslim community numbers just over 1, Around 68, people consider themselves atheists.

The official language, Estonian , belongs to the Finnic branch of the Uralic languages. Estonian is closely related to Finnish, spoken in Finland, across the other side of the Gulf of Finland , and is one of the few languages of Europe that is not of an Indo-European origin.

Despite some overlaps in the vocabulary due to borrowings, in terms of its origin, Estonian and Finnish are not related to their nearest geographical neighbours, Swedish , Latvian , and Russian, which are all Indo-European languages.

Although the Estonian and Germanic languages are of very different origins, one can identify many similar words in Estonian and German.

This is primarily because the Estonian language has borrowed nearly one third of its vocabulary from Germanic languages , mainly from Low Saxon Middle Low German during the period of German rule , and High German including standard German.

The percentage of Low Saxon and High German loanwords can be estimated at 22—25 percent, with Low Saxon making up about 15 percent.

South Estonian languages are spoken by , people and include the dialects of Võro and Seto. The languages are spoken in South-Eastern Estonia, are genealogically distinct from northern Estonian: but are traditionally and officially considered as dialects and "regional forms of the Estonian language", not separate language s.

Russian is by far the most spoken minority language in the country. There are towns in Estonia with large concentrations of Russian speakers and there are towns where Estonian speakers are in the minority especially in the northeast, e.

Russian is spoken as a secondary language by forty- to seventy-year-old ethnic Estonians, because Russian was the unofficial language of the Estonian SSR from to and taught as a compulsory second language during the Soviet era.

From the 13th to the 20th century, there were Swedish-speaking communities in Estonia, particularly in the coastal areas and on the islands e.

The Swedish-speaking minority was represented in parliament, and entitled to use their native language in parliamentary debates.

From to , when Estonia was independent, the small Swedish community was well treated. Municipalities with a Swedish majority, mainly found along the coast, used Swedish as the administrative language and Swedish-Estonian culture saw an upswing.

Only a handful of older speakers remain. The most common foreign languages learned by Estonian students are English, Russian, German, and French.

Other popular languages include Finnish, Spanish, and Swedish. The history of formal education in Estonia dates back to the 13th and 14th centuries when the first monastic and cathedral schools were founded.

In , university courses were first taught in the Estonian language. Today's education in Estonia is divided into general, vocational, and hobby.

The education system is based on four levels: pre-school, basic, secondary, and higher education.

The Estonian education system consists of state, municipal, public, and private institutions. There are currently schools in Estonia.

According to the Programme for International Student Assessment , the performance levels of gymnasium-age pupils in Estonia is among the highest in the world: in , the country was ranked 13th for the quality of its education system, well above the OECD average.

Academic higher education in Estonia is divided into three levels: bachelor's, master's, and doctoral studies. In some specialties basic medical studies, veterinary, pharmacy, dentistry, architect-engineer, and a classroom teacher programme the bachelor's and master's levels are integrated into one unit.

In addition to organising the academic life of the university, universities can create new curricula, establish admission terms and conditions, approve the budget, approve the development plan, elect the rector, and make restricted decisions in matters concerning assets.

The Estonian Academy of Sciences is the national academy of science. The first computer centres were established in the late s in Tartu and Tallinn.

Estonian specialists contributed in the development of software engineering standards for ministries of the Soviet Union during the s. According to New Scientist , Estonia will be the first nation to provide personal genetic information service sponsored by the state.

They aim to minimise and prevent future ailments for those whose genes make them extra prone to conditions like adult-onset diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

The government plans to provide lifestyle advice based on the DNA for , of its 1. The culture of Estonia incorporates indigenous heritage, as represented by the Estonian language and the sauna , with mainstream Nordic and European cultural aspects.

Because of its history and geography, Estonia's culture has been influenced by the traditions of the adjacent area's various Finnic, Baltic, Slavic and Germanic peoples as well as the cultural developments in the former dominant powers Sweden and Russia.

Today, Estonian society encourages liberty and liberalism, with popular commitment to the ideals of the limited government, discouraging centralised power and corruption.

The Protestant work ethic remains a significant cultural staple, and free education is a highly prized institution.

Like the mainstream culture in the other Nordic countries, Estonian culture can be seen to build upon the ascetic environmental realities and traditional livelihoods, a heritage of comparatively widespread egalitarianism out of practical reasons see: Everyman's right and universal suffrage , and the ideals of closeness to nature and self-sufficiency see: summer cottage.

The Estonian Academy of Arts Estonian: Eesti Kunstiakadeemia , EKA is providing higher education in art, design, architecture, media, art history and conservation while Viljandi Culture Academy of University of Tartu has an approach to popularise native culture through such curricula as native construction, native blacksmithing, native textile design, traditional handicraft and traditional music, but also jazz and church music.

The older folksongs are also referred to as regilaulud , songs in the poetic metre regivärss the tradition shared by all Baltic Finns.

Runic singing was widespread among Estonians until the 18th century, when rhythmic folk songs began to replace them. Traditional wind instruments derived from those used by shepherds were once widespread, but are now becoming again more commonly played.

Other instruments, including the fiddle , zither , concertina , and accordion are used to play polka or other dance music. The kannel is a native instrument that is now again becoming more popular in Estonia.

Rahvastikuregistri andmed tuginevad kontaktandmete osas inimeste endi esitatud andmetele [69]. Peamiselt puudutab see maapiirkonnast suurtesse linnadesse, sh Tallinna, viimase kümne aasta jooksul elama asunuid.

Riigikeel on eesti keel. Suurenemine on saavutatud tänu sellele, et mitte-eestlaste seas on eesti keele oskus rohkem kui kahekordistunud.

Eesti keeles on kaks suuremat murderühma — põhjaeesti ja lõunaeesti murded. Mõnedes käsitlustes eristatakse kolmanda rühmana kirderanniku murdeid.

Lõuna-Eestis räägitakse võru keelt , mida vahel peetakse eesti keele murdeks , vahel eraldiseisvaks keeleks. Nii varasemate hinnangute kui Narvas , Kohtla-Järvel , Sillamäel ja veel mõnes linnas on ülekaalus vene keele kõnelejad.

Eesti kaitsejõud põhinevad kaitseväel , mis koosneb maaväest , mereväest ja õhuväest , ning vabatahtlikul sõjaväelisel ühendusel kaitseliidul.

Kaitsejõudude tööd juhib ja planeerib Kaitseväe peastaap. Peastaabi peamine ülesanne on tagada kaitsejõude valmisolek riigi kaitsmiseks sõjalise tegevusega ning planeerib ja teostab Eestis operatsioone kõiki väeliike kaasates.

Kaitseväe ülesandeks rahuajal on õhuruumi ja territoriaalvete järelevalve ja kontroll, pideva kaitsevalmiduse tagamine, ajateenijate väljaõpetamine ja reservvägede ettevalmistamine, üksuste ettevalmistamine ja osalemine rahvusvahelistel operatsioonidel ning tsiviilvõimude abistamine loodusõnnetuste või inimtegevuse tõttu aset leidnud katastroofide tagajärgede ja kriisisituatsioonide likvideerimisel.

Ajateenistus Eestis on kohustuslik 18—aastastele meestele. Kutsealuste teenimisaeg on olenevalt väeliigist 8—11 kuud. Eesti Sõjaväe Sisu Pasi soomusmasin.

Eesti on kõrge sissetulekuga [75] turumajanduslik riik. Eesti tähtsaimad kaubanduspartnerid on Soome, Rootsi ja Saksamaa. Eesti keskmine brutopalk oli Rahvuslik valuuta oli algul seotud Saksa margaga ja seejärel euroga.

Alates 1. Varem on kasutusel olnud Eesti margad — ning pärast Keskpanga ülesandeid täidab Eesti Pank , mis on alates Nõnda on Eesti rahapoliitika integreeritud Euroala rahapoliitika osaks.

Eesti maksusüsteem on valdavalt proportsionaalne : maksumäärad ei sõltu maksustatavast summast. Eesti Primaarenergia allikana domineeris Maailmas ainulaadsena põhineb Eesti energeetika põlevkivil.

Näiteks Samas kritiseeritakse põlevkivi, kui taastumatu loodusvara , liiga aktiivset kasutust ja leitakse, et põlevkivisektor annab lõviosa Eesti jäätmetest ning CO 2 heitmest.

Jäätmete hulgalt oli Eesti Kasvab taastuvate energiaressursside kasutamine energiatootmises. Põllumajandus on Eestis üks traditsioonilisi majandusharusid, millel pikka aega seisis kogu Eesti majandus.

Ehkki Eesti linnad hakkasid industrialiseeruma juba Põllumajanduse osakaal Eesti majanduses langes järsult alles pärast taasiseseisvumist ja omandireformi, mille käigus suurmajandid kolhoosid ja sovhoosid lagundati ja erastati.

Eesti suur metsasus Lisaks on Eesti metsade pindala kasvanud viimase poole sajandi jooksul 2 korda ning metsatagavara 2,5 korda. Samas on senised raiemahud jäänud alla optimaalse koguse ning seega peetakse vajalikuks mahtude kasvatamist.

Seal töötab üle 15 tuhande inimese ja tegutseb ligi tuhat ettevõtet. Sellega on see sektor üks Eesti suuremaid tööstusharusid. Eesti transporditaristu moodustavad geograafilisest asukohast tingituna: Eesti sadamad , põhimaanteedevõrk ja transiitkaupade transpordi kindlustavad Eesti Raudtee ning vähesel määral lennujaamad.

Koostöös naabritega Euroopa Liidus kavandatakse Rail Balticu ehitamist. Idee tasandil on arutluse all Tallinna ja Helsingi vahelise tunneli rajamine.

Tartu—Valga raudtee. Kiiruskaamera Tartu maanteel. Tallinna—Narva maantee Tallinna piiril. Eesti tervishoiu ehk tervisesüsteemi all peetakse silmas siin elavate inimeste tervise kaitseks, haiguste vältimiseks ja raviks rakendatavaid peamiselt riiklikke abinõusid.

Eesti tervishoiusüsteem on üles ehitatud kohustuslikule solidaarsuse põhimõttest lähtuvale ravikindlustusele ja eraõiguslike teenuseosutajate pakutavate teenuste üldisele kättesaadavusele.

Eesti tervisesüsteemi korraldavad ja juhivad Sotsiaalministeerium , Justiitsministeerium , Kaitseministeerium ja Rahandusministeerium.

Peamised tervisesüsteemi funktsioonide planeerimise, haldamise, reguleerimise ja rahastamise eest vastutavad asutused Eestis on Sotsiaalministeerium ja tema haldusalas asuvad asutused nagu Ravimiamet ja Terviseamet ning avalik-õiguslik iseseisev asutus Eesti Haigekassa.

Rahvatervise valdkonnas on peamised osapooled riigi tasandil Sotsiaalministeerium rahvatervise osakond , Tervisekaitseinspektsioon , Tervise Arengu Instituut , Eesti Haigekassa , Tööinspektsioon , Keskkonnainspektsioon , Tervishoiuamet ja Keskkonnaministeerium.

Tervishoidu rahastatakse Eestis riigieelarvest ravikindlustuse eelarve vahenditest Eesti Haigekassa kaudu, samuti otseeraldistena riigieelarvest, valla- ja linnaeelarvetest, patsiendi rahast ja teistest allikatest.

Seejuures on näiteks Eesti Haigekassa plaanitud kulude maht Valdav osa Eestis töötavaid arste ja hambaarste on lõpetanud Tartu Ülikooli arstiteaduskonna.

Üldhaiglaid ja kohalikke haiglaid on Eestis 12 ning need asuvad üldjuhul maakonnakeskustes. Allikas: Vikipeedia. See artikkel on riigist; teiste tähenduste kohta vaata Eesti täpsustus.

See artikkel vajab toimetamist. Oktoober Palun aita artiklit toimetada. Kuidas ja millal see märkus eemaldada? See artikkel ootab keeletoimetamist.

Kui oskad, siis palun aita artiklit keeleliselt parandada. Eesti lipp. Eesti vapp. Ants Laikmaa "Taebla maastik" Uddybende artikel: Estlands kultur.

Statistics Estonia. Hentet Kodakondsus, rahvus, emakeel, ja võõrkeelte oskus. Statistikaamet Statistiske bureau for Estland. Internationale Valutafond.

Forenede Nationer. Officiel hjemmeside for Republikken Estland. Global Politician. Hentet d. Wikimedia Commons har flere filer relateret til Estland.

Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres sollte auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben sein. Siehe auch : Liste estnischer Dirigenten.

Tambur: Estonia square kilometers larger than thought. Abgerufen am Juli In: millenniumindicators. September In: Estonian Wildlife Tours.

Oktober amerikanisches Englisch. Oktober Westview Press Boulder, Colorado, , S. Voting to Become Citizens. Dezember Deutsche Welle, 1.

Juli , abgerufen am 1. Nicht mehr online verfügbar. Ministry of Defence, archiviert vom Original am 4. April ; abgerufen am 8.

Juni englisch. Juli englisch. Juni im Internet Archive , abgerufen am Mai , abgerufen am 8. April , abgerufen am 8. Abgerufen am 3. Januar englisch.

Juni Juni amerikanisches Englisch. In: www. November März amerikanisches Englisch. März FAZ , Februar Christel Köhle-Hezinger Hrsg.

April englisch. Dezember englisch. In: Global Competitiveness Index Dezember ]. September Memento vom Eurostat , 1. Dezember , archiviert vom Original am Januar ; abgerufen am Juli englisch, Archivierte Version mit Daten von bis Eurostat , Juli , archiviert vom Original am Juli ; abgerufen am Men en stor del av transittrafiken fortsätter till de estniska hamnarna.

Under det andra kvartalet lyckades de vända den ekonomiska krisen genom intern devalvering. Flygplatserna i Tartu och Pärnu har reguljär utrikes trafik i begränsad omfattning.

Dock tar denna resa över nio timmar jämfört med bussresan som tar knappt fem timmar. Men planer finns att, via EU-medel, rusta upp stambanan till europeisk standard.

En stor del av järnvägsnätet i Estland är inte elektrifierat. För närvarande trafikeras följande järnvägslinjer med persontrafik:.

De balttyska och svenska minoriteterna tvingades i stort sett fullständigt lämna Estland i samband med de stalinistiska utrensningarna.

I Tallinn är uppemot halva befolkningen rysktalande. De sistnämnda kan med estniska främlingspass resa mellan Ryssland och Estland utan visum. Ändringar i lagen om medborgarskap antogs i januari Estniskt medborgarskap, eller medborgarskap i ett annat EU -land, krävs för att bilda och vara medlem i politiska partier.

I Estland finns Estniska evangelisk-lutherska kyrkan med ca medlemmar , Estlands apostoliska ortodoxa kyrka med omkring 20 medlemmar och Estlands ortodoxa kyrka Moskvapatriarkatet med omkring medlemmar.

Därtill finns bland andra kristna: baptister , katoliker , Jehovas vittnen , gammaltroende ortodoxa och pingstvänner.

Eine etwas genauere Betrachtung Wikipedia Estland komplexen Bild der gesetzlichen Lage zum Wikipedia Estland in. - Navigationsmenü

Wie auch in Skandinavien ist Neu De Mitglieder Login im Baltikum wegen der hohen Übersetzungskosten weitgehend üblich, dass die Sender ausländische Fernsehproduktionen im Original mit estnischen Untertitel-Einblendungen senden, also ohne Synchronübersetzung wie in Deutschland. Alle öffentlichen oder öffentlich genutzten Gewässer haben öffentliche Uferwege bis zu 4 m Breite. Im Demokratieindex belegt Estland Platz Spiele Kostenlos Herunterladen von Ländern. Reiseinformationen Estland. Estonia (Estonian: Eesti ()), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and territory of Estonia consists of the Calling code: + Estland ligger på østkysten av Østersjøen med Finskebukta i nord, Russland i øst og Latvia sør. Landet er flatt og den gjennomsnittlige høyden er ikke høyere enn 50 meter, og det høyeste punktet i landet, Suur Munamägi, ligger i sørøst med meter. [trenger referanse] Grunnfjellet er dekket av et skikt kalkstein, sandstein og i nord er preget av Flagg: Riksvåpen. Estland har et samlet areal på km², heraf vand km², landareal på km², og har et fugtigt fastlandsklima. Estland er en demokratisk, parlamentarisk republik, der er inddelt i 15 amter og 79 (siden 1. november ) kommuner, og dets hovedstad og største by er drawnwords.comndte regionale sprog: Võro, Setu. Estland [ˈeːstlant; ˈɛstlant] (estnisch Eesti [ ˈeːsʲti], amtlich Republik Estland, estnisch Eesti Vabariik) ist ein Staat im Baltikum. Als nördlichster der drei. Geographisch liegt Estland jedoch im Baltikum. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Name; 2 Geschichte. Datenschutz · Über Wikivoyage · Kontakt und Impressum · Nutzungsbedingungen · Klassische Ansicht. Estland gehört zu den drei baltischen Staaten. [drawnwords.coms Transaviabaltika) mit kleinen Propellermaschinen vom Typ [drawnwords.comdia.​org/wiki/. Maailmas ainulaadsena põhineb Eesti energeetika põlevkivil. Today, it includes many typical international foods. The Wall Street Journal. Aufgrund einer Russifizierungskampagne der russisch-zaristischen Regierung löste Russisch Deutsch in dieser Funktion ab. During the period of Northern Crusades in the beginning of the 13th century the fort of Tarbatu or Keyboard Online SpielenTartu was captured by the crusading Livonian Knights — also known as the Brothers of the Sword German: Norges Spill Casino — and recaptured by Estonians on several occasions.
Wikipedia Estland
Wikipedia Estland Estland may refer to. Estland, the modern name for Estonia in several languages; Danish duchy of Estonia (Danish: Hertugdømmet Estland), a dominum directum of the King of Denmark from until in what is now Northern Estonia until it was sold and became. Estland (estniska: Eesti), officiellt Republiken Estland (Eesti Vabariik, från vaba, "fri", och riik, "stat"), är en republik i Baltikum, även Norden enligt vissa definitioner, i Nordeuropa. Landet gränsar till Lettland i söder, Ryssland i öster och har sjögräns mot Finland i norr och Sverige i väster. Total number of COVID cases in Estonia per 10, inhabitants as of 5 December Confirmed up to 25 per 10, Tartu (Estonian pronunciation: South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital drawnwords.comed kilometres ( miles) southeast of Tallinn and kilometres ( miles) northeast of Riga, the capital of Latvia. Estland;, officielt Republikken Estland, er et land i den baltiske region i Nordeuropa. Det grænser mod nord til Finske Bugt, til vest mod Østersøen, til syd mod Letland samt den østlige grænse mod Rusland, som hovedsagelig består af søen Peipus på km². Estland har søgrænser over Østersøen mod vest med Sverige og Finland i nord. Estland har et samlet areal på km², heraf vand km², landareal på km², og har et fugtigt fastlandsklima. Estland er en. Eesti maksusüsteem on valdavalt proportsionaalne : maksumäärad ei sõltu maksustatavast summast. BIP pro Kopf in Euro. Bij het laatste festival in zakten zowat Varem olid peamiseks haldusüksuseks sajandite vältel välja kujunenud kihelkonnad. Suurem muutus toimus nooremal pronksiajal umbes — eKrmil Eesti rannikupiirkonnas hakati kohapeal StrichmГ¤nnchen MГ¤dchen valama, põllumajandus sai domineerivaks majandusharuks sh What Age Do You Have To Be To Gamble alepõllunduse kõrval kasutusele ka põlispõlludtekkis maa eraomandus ja ühiskondlik hierarhiaehitati kivikalmeid ja rajati Vollpfosten Spiel asulaid. Toimusid massilised arreteerimised, eraettevõtted riigistati, enamik kodanikuühendusi ja seltse suleti, väljapaistvaid kultuuri- ja riigitegelasi hakati taga kiusama. I Estland finns Estniska evangelisk-lutherska kyrkan med ca medlemmarEstlands apostoliska ortodoxa kyrka med omkring 20 medlemmar och Estlands ortodoxa kyrka Moskvapatriarkatet med Wikipedia Estland medlemmar. Jokipii, Mauno ed. IEA Ministry of Education and Research. Immer wieder fallen Züge aus; weiterhin benötigen sowohl Esten als auch estnische Russen zur Einreise nach Russland ein Visum, das im Voraus bezogen werden muss, vergleichsweise teuer ist und durchaus nicht immer rechtzeitig ausgestellt wird. De sovjetiske styrker deporterede tidligere medlemmer af Waffen-SS og Klitschko V Fury nazister ved massedeportationer i marts


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